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Hemp Bioethanol; Cellulosic Ethanol

Hemp fuel for Petrol engines

Ethanol is a chemical substance used for making antiseptics (like your hand gel) and fuel, among other applications. One way of producing ethanol is through the use of plant matter - this is referred to as bioethanol. When it comes to bioethanol, there are two major types; the type you can create using the grain or fruit of a plant and the type you can create using the plant’s fibres. This last one is referred to as cellulosic eethanol b  . It is still a type of bioethanol as it is still derived from plant matter. The same hemp fibres that are used to make paper can be converted into this cellulosic ethanol (follow the link for details). Recent political and environmental movements are responsible for growing interest in bioethanol and therefore the opportunity for hemp to be grown as a source of this fuel is growing with it. Below we’ll look into these environmental and political factors in a bit more detail, but first let’s start at the beginning...


CAN CARS REALLY DRIVE ON PLANTS?


In terms of its potential as a fuel, bioethanol has a petrol/gasoline equivalent of 1:1.5, meaning 1.5 units of ethanol are needed to meet the energy output of 1 unit of traditional petrol. This may make it seem like a poor alternative but, as it can be grown domestically, ethanol begins to look a little more favourable... This is because the vast majority of the world’s traditional fuels (fossil fuels) are concentrated in a relatively small number of countries - a fact that has often led to price spikes, political trade-offs and even war.

H2B US site

 Hemp 2 Biofuel US plant.

Hemp Biodiesel

Hemp Biodiesel is compatible with all diesel engines

What is Hemp Biodiesel?
Hemp biodiesel is the name for a variety of ester based oxygenated fuels made from hemp oil.  The concept of using vegetable oil as an engine fuel dates back to 1895 when Dr. Rudolf Diesel developed the first diesel engine to run on vegetable oil. Diesel demonstrated his engine at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1900 using peanut oil as fuel.  Hemp biodiesel come from the pressing of the hemp seeds to extract the oil.  Through a process explained here , hemp biodiesel can be made.

Hemp biodiesel can be made from domestically produced, renewable oilseed crops such as hemp. With over 30 million successful U.S. road miles hemp biodiesel could be the answer to our cry for renewable fuel sources.  Learning more  about renewable fuels does not mean we should not cut back on consumption but does help address the environmental affects of our choices.  There is more to hemp as a renewable fuel source than you know

Why Hemp Biodiesel?

  • Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel that runs in any conventional, unmodified diesel engine.
  • It can be stored anywhere that petroleum diesel fuel is stored. Biodiesel is safe to handle and transport because it is as biodegradable as sugar, 10 times less toxic than table salt, and has a high flashpoint of about 300 F compared to petroleum diesel fuel, which has a flash point of 125 F.
  • Biodiesel can be made from domestically produced, renewable oilseed crops such as hemp.
  • Biodiesel is a proven fuel with over 30 million successful US road miles, and over 20 years of use in Europe.
  • When burned in a diesel engine, biodiesel replaces the exhaust odor of petroleum diesel with the pleasant smell of hemp, popcorn or french fries.
  • Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel in the US to complete EPA Tier I Health Effects Testing under section 211(b) of the Clean Air Act, which provide the most thorough inventory of environmental and human health effects attributes that current technology will allow.
  • Biodiesel is 11% oxygen by weight and contains no sulfur.
  • The use of biodiesel can extend the life of diesel engines because it is more lubricating than petroleum diesel fuel, while fuel consumption, auto ignition, power output, and engine torque are relatively unaffected by biodiesel.
  • The Congressional Budget Office, Department of Defense, US Department of Agriculture, and others have determined that biodiesel is the low cost alternative fuel option for fleets to meet requirements of the Energy

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